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Application of zinc oxide and sodium alginate for biofouling mitigation in a membrane bioreactor treating urban wastewater

Application of zinc oxide and sodium alginate for biofouling mitigation in a membrane bioreactor treating urban wastewater

Authors

Fatemeh Sokhandan, Maryam Homayoonfal, Fatemeh Davar

Publication date

2020/8/3

Journal

Biofouling

Pages

1-19

Publisher

Taylor & Francis

Description

This research aimed to mitigate fouling in membrane bioreactors (MBR) through concurrent usage of zinc oxide as an antibacterial agent (A) and sodium alginate as a hydrophilic agent (H) within a polyacrylonitrile membrane (PM) structure. The antibacterial polymeric membranes (APM) and antibacterial hydrophilic polymeric membranes (AHPM) synthesized showed a higher porosity, mechanical strength and bacterial inhibition zone, and a lower contact angle in comparison with PM membranes. EDS, SEM and AFM analyses were used to characterize the chemical, structural, and morphological properties of PM, APM, and AHPM. The flux of PM, APM, and AHPM in MBR was 37, 48, and 51 l m−2 h−1 and COD removal was 81, 93.5, and 96.7%, respectively. After MBR operation for 35 days in an urban wastewater treatment, only 50% of the flux of PM was recovered, while the antibacterial and hydrophilic …

Journal Papers
Month/Season: 
August
Year: 
2020

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